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The Manchester Film School: MMU Harvard Referencing

Cite Them Right Harvard 

MMU Harvard

From 1 August 2023, the institutional style for author-date referencing is Cite Them Right Harvard. From 30 September 2024 support for the MMU Harvard style will end. Please check with your department which referencing style you should be using.

Cite Them Right Harvard

A referencing style is a set of rules that specify how to reference different sources of information e.g. books, articles, websites etc.

Check with your tutor if you aren't sure which referencing style you should use for your assignments.

Manchester Metropolitan University


If your HE course is validated by Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) use their Cite Them Right Harvard referencing style. 


The Basics

The most common sources you will use in your reference list will be:

  • A printed book
  • An eBook
  • A chapter from an edited book (where a book is made up of chapters written by multiple authors and edited by a single editor)
  • A journal article (online or physical)
  • A website

But there are many (many) more, which is why the referencing guide for your course referencing style will be your best friend. Each reference has a different structure.

Referencing Example

Printed Books

Citation order:

  • Author/editor
  • Year of publication (in round brackets)
  • Title (in italics)
  • Place of publication: Publisher
  • Series and volume number (where relevant) 

Example: book with one author

In-text citation 

According to Upson et al (2021), the most important part of the research process is...

Reference list  

Upson, M., Luetkenhaus, H., Hall, C. M., & Cannon, K. (2021) Information now: A graphic guide to student research and web literacy. 2nd edn. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Referencing Tools

Online referencing tools help you manage referencing, cite references in your work and create bibliographies.  

You can access basic features without buying the full packages. 

Key Books